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Symptoms of A Low Sperm Count – Causes and Treatment

Males have to work more than females. Studies show that males with stress, hypertension, and depression experience infertility. Many couples are not able to start a family even after 2 to 4 years. The main reasons can be due to male infertility. Some of the most common symptoms of male infertility are weak ejaculation, low sperm count, and erectile dysfunction.

Low sperm count can cause difficulty while starting a family. It also makes the males feel tired and fatigued. No one reason causes low sperm. Many males cannot know about this problem until they try hard to start a family. Low sperm count can disturb the life of males severely. This blog tells about the problem of low sperm count in males, its signs, symptoms, and the ways to cure it.

What is a Low Sperm Count?

Before knowing everything about low sperm count, let us understand the meaning of low sperm count. Males ejaculate semen after an orgasm. If semen has lower sperms than the actual amount, it is known as low sperm count. Another name for low sperm count is oligospermia. Some males do not have sperm in their semen. This condition is known as azoospermia. The average sperm count in males should be 15 million sperm per milliliter of semen. If the males have lower than 15 million sperm per milliliter of semen, they have a low sperm count.

Males with low semen volume have a poor quality of love life. They may also feel embarrassed in bed with their partners. Males with low sperm count find it very difficult to start a family.

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What are The General Symptoms of Low Sperm Count?

One of the most common symptoms of a low sperm count is the inability to conceive even after a year or two. Different males have different symptoms. Some males may feel pain while performing in bed. Some other symptoms include:

  • Swelling or lump in the testicle area.
  • Low drive while or inactiveness while performing in the bed.
  • Reducing body hair, chromosome signs, or some hormonal imbalances. 
  • Reducing facial hair and erectile dysfunction.

Common Causes of Low Sperm Count

Many people cannot understand what causes low sperm count until they get a routine checkup from a doctor. There are many causes of low sperm count such as:

1. Medical Causes

There are several causes of low sperm count such as medical treatments and surgeries. However, the most common medical causes of low sperm count in males are:

  • Infections

Infections can lead to blockage of the passage of sperm. Some of the most common infections that cause low sperm count in males are HIV, inflammation in the epididymis, gonorrhea, and so on.

  • Problems with Ejaculation

Males with unhealthy sperm suffer from many problems such as retrograde ejaculation and premature ejaculation. These conditions occur when semen does not emerge out the penile but is passed into the bladder after orgasm.

  • Defects in Chromosomes

Some males suffer from Klinefelter’s syndrome. In this condition, the males are born with 2 X chromosomes and 1 Y chromosome instead of 1 X and 1 Y chromosome. Apart from that, some males also suffer from Kallmann’s syndrome and cystic fibrosis.

  • Cancer and Tumors

Some types of tumors and cancers can also cause low sperm count in males. Tumors affect the organs of male reproduction. Besides, some surgeries and chemotherapy are also causes of low sperm count.

  • Hormonal Imbalance

Sperm in males is created by certain hormones. These hormones are produced by the pituitary, testicles, and hypothalamus. Changes in the hormones and thyroid affect sperm production.

  • Other Problems

There is a direct relationship between low sperm count and getting pregnant. Males with low sperm count cannot conceive a baby even after trying for a long time. Many other medical problems can lead to unhealthy semen in males. They include anti-sperm antibodies, celiac disease, surgeries, and defects of tubules, and so on.

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2. Health Causes

One of the major low sperm count causes is a poor lifestyle. The different lifestyle causes of low sperm count are:

  • Drinking Problem

Alcohol reduces testosterone levels in males. It also reduces sperm production and causes infertility in men.

  • Stress and Hypertension

Tension and stress affect hormones that produce sperm in men.

  • Drug Intake

Steroids and drugs can reduce sperm production and affect testicles. Drugs such as marijuana and cocaine spoil the quality of sperm. They also reduce the sperm count in males.

  • Certain Tasks

Sitting and working for a long time can affect the quality of sperm. People who have to drive cars, trucks, and buses for a long time may get poor quality sperm.

  • Obesity

People with obesity often face infertility issues. Obesity can result in hormonal imbalance and cause low sperm count in men.

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3. Environmental Factors

Certain environmental factors can also affect the quality of sperm in males. They are as under:

  • X-rays

Long exposure to radiation and X-rays can spoil the quality of sperm. These rays are toxic and can also reduce the amount of sperm in males.

  • Exposure to Industrial Chemicals 

Males who work in factories and industries have long exposure to dangerous chemicals such as toluene, benzenes, organic solvents, xylene, and herbicides, and so on. These chemicals decrease the count of sperm in males.

  • Exposure to Various Metals

Long exposure to metals can also affect the fertility of males. They decrease the sperm count of the males.

  • Tight Clothing

Wearing tight clothes can affect sperm quality. Apart from that, the habit of sitting on a PC for a long time can also reduce sperm count in men.

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Signs of Healthy Semen in Males

Many men do not have an idea of what healthy semen looks like. The color of healthy semen is grey and cloudy white. But in some males, the color of healthy semen can also be yellow and smells like that of bleach. This smell is usually because of alkaline substances.

What are the common risk factors in the males that cause low sperm?

Today, many males suffer from low sperm count. This problem does not show severe symptoms at first but can create problems when you want to begin a family. Some of the most common risk factors that cause low sperm count are:

  • Drinking excessive alcohol or smoking regularly.
  • Obesity
  • Stress, hypertension, and anxiety
  • Drug intake
  • Infections in the past or present days.
  • Trauma in the testicles
  • Chemotherapy or other cancer treatments in men.
  • Fertility disorders right from birth.
  • Some medications

Also See: How to Cure Premature Ejaculation by Exercise

What is The Right Treatment for Curing The Problem of Low Sperm Count?

Low sperm count can spoil your biggest of starting a family. It is necessary to get low sperm volume treatment to conceive a child at the right time. There are various ways to cure the problem of low sperm count in the males such as:

1. Surgeries

If you suffer from Varicocele or other male infertility issues, you can go for surgery. Operation or surgery can treat varicocele and repair vas deferens. Apart from that, the sperm retrieval techniques can also help to retrieve sperm in the males from epididymis or testicles. These techniques help the males with no sperm.

2. Medication and Hormone Treatments

A high or level hormonal level is one of the most signs of low sperm count. If you have these problems, visit your doctor. There are certain medications and treatments to replace hormones. These treatments will help to increase fertility in males and improve sperm quality as well.

3. Healthy Body

People with obesity, high BP levels, and cholesterol may suffer from low sperm count. You must develop a healthy lifestyle to cure infertility issues. You must have a healthy weight to improve sperm quality. To get a healthy weight, you must take a healthy diet. Your daily diet must include salads, green veggies, fresh fruits, cereals, oats, fish, eggs, and milk.

In addition to that, you must do physical exercises at home or gym. Develop a habit of doing workouts daily to increase sperm count. Apart from that, you must also do yoga and meditation to improve sperm quality.

4. Avoid Drinking and Smoking

Research and studies show that excessive drinking and smoking can reduce sperm count ranges in men. If you want to increase sperm count, stop drinking alcohol. You must also avoid smoking and drug intake to increase sperm count.

5. Curing Infections

Some infections of the reproductive tract can cause low sperm count in males. You can get antibiotics or some medications to cure these infections.

6. Curing Other Problems

Low sperm count is also caused due to some problems such as erectile dysfunction and premature ejaculation. You can get advice from a good doctor. Apart from that, you can also take some meds to cure these problems and get a high sperm count.

7. ART Treatments

Many males today go for assisted reproductive technology to cure their infertility issues. Under these treatments, the sperm is obtained with techniques such as surgical extraction or normal ejaculation.

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